student i książka

Does the grammatical gender of a noun matter?

It matters a lot!

Let’s review the most important information:

In Polish, we recognize grammatical gender of a noun by the ending of a word in basic form (Nominative):

In the singular, the ending – a ( or -i ) is typical of the female gender. For excamples: kobieta, kawa, książka, lekcja, matka, kolacja, pani, sprzedawczyni, gospodyni itp.

The neuter ending may be: -e -o -ę or -um. For excamples: kino, wino, okno, mieszkanie, dziecko, jedzenie, zwierzę, imię, muzeum, lieceum, akwarium itp.

Masculine words usually have a consonant ending. For excamples: komputer, brat, kubek, stół itp.

Interestingly, many words have synonyms of different grammatical genders.
For example:

To jest książka. (A book – in general).

To jest dobra książka!

To jest podręcznik. (A book mainly used for study)

To jest dobry podręcznik!

As you can see, the gender of the noun directly influences the gender of the adjective

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