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Does the grammatical gender of a noun matter?
It matters a lot!
Let’s review the most important information:
In Polish, we recognize grammatical gender of a noun by the ending of a word in basic form (Nominative):
In the singular, the ending – a ( or -i ) is typical of the female gender. For excamples: kobieta, kawa, książka, lekcja, matka, kolacja, pani, sprzedawczyni, gospodyni itp.
The neuter ending may be: -e -o -ę or -um. For excamples: kino, wino, okno, mieszkanie, dziecko, jedzenie, zwierzę, imię, muzeum, lieceum, akwarium itp.
Masculine words usually have a consonant ending. For excamples: komputer, brat, kubek, stół itp.
Interestingly, many words have synonyms of different grammatical genders.
To jest książka. (A book – in general).
To jest dobra książka!
To jest podręcznik. (A book mainly used for study)
To jest dobry podręcznik!