Chameleon – the most important information about Polish adjective

Sometimes, the animal world helps you understand the Polish grammar!

Do you know what a chameleon can do? This animal is green when it is sitting on a green leaf. When it sits on a brown leaf, it is brown. When it sits on yellow sand, it is yellow. The chameleon adjusts its color to its neighbourhood.


The Polish adjective does the same.

In Polish, an adjective always adapts to the gender of the noun to which it refers.

That is, if the noun is masculine, the adjective must also be masculine.
If the noun is feminine, the adjective must also be feminine.
If the noun is neuter, the adjective must also be of neuter gender.

Watch out for grammar endings!
y (or -i)
for adjectives that refer to nouns which have masculine gender
a
for adjectives that refer to nouns which have feminine gender

e
for adjectives referring to nouns which have neutral gender

Each adjective can take on one of three grammatical genders – it can be feminine, masculine or neutral.
For example:
miły chłopiec (masc. gender) – nice boy
miła dziewczyna (fem. gender) – nice girl
miłe dziecko (neutral gender) – nice kid

We can always present the Polish adjective in three versions!
Note – You will normally only find the male version in the dictionary, the authors assume you will create the other forms yourself.